Top 5 Cloud Vulnerabilities to Watch Out for in 2022 - Alert Logic (2023)

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Cloud computing has completely revolutionized the professional landscape, enabling businesses of all sizes to keep up with the increasing pace of business.

As companies around the world continue to embrace cloud technology, the global market for cloud services continues to grow. Indeed cloud computingis expected to reach 947.3 billion by 2026, at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16.3%. But with all the benefits the cloud has to offer, there is one caveat: cloud vulnerabilities.

That was the result of a survey93% of companies are concernedabout the dangers associated with cloud computing. Does this mean that the risk is greater than the reward? Not really.

Let's examine five cloud vulnerabilities to watch out for in 2022 and how to create a cybersecurity strategy to protect your data while safely reaping the rewards of cloud computing.

1. Account Theft

Account hijacking, also known as session riding, is a cloud threat that steals users' account credentials.CSO ranks account hijacking fifthon their list of cloud computing threats and vulnerabilities seen in 2020.

There are several ways attackers can hijack accounts, including:

  • Phishing:Redirect users to an unsecured website to steal their information or hijack their session ID
  • Keylogger:A program that records users' keystrokes, including user IDs and passwords, and sends the information to attackers
  • Buffer Overflow Attacks:Overwriting data in memory with malicious data designed to give the attacker unauthorized access
  • Cross-Site-Scripting (XSS)-Angriffe:A type of injection attack in which the attacker sends malicious scripts through a web browser to access vulnerable accounts
  • Brute Force Attacks:When attackers gain access to accounts by guessing the password—usually using software

Account hijacking is not new. 2014 an Egypt-based researcherdiscovered a security vulnerability in PayPalThis left approximately 150 million accounts open to this type of attack. Fortunately, the threat was resolved before any damage occurred. Seeing a corporate giant like PayPal vulnerable to PCI compliance data breaches served as a warning to everyone to look into their own cybersecurity strategies.

How do you protect yourself against account theft?

First and foremost, create secure passwords and change them regularly. This keeps you protected from brute force attacks. You should also consider using multi-factor authentication (MFA) whenever possible. This adds an extra layer of security, making it harder for attackers to access your account remotely.

Many successful account takeover attempts are due to phishing. Be careful when clicking on web and email links and when receiving password reset requests to protect yourself from attacks. And if you have employees using cloud services, be sure to educate them about cloud computing vulnerabilities so they know how to spot account takeover attempts.

Consulting with a threat detection expert is also an effective way to prevent account theft. You can scan for potential vulnerabilities in your network and take steps to better protect your data from these types of attacks.

2. Data Breaches

At least you knew3,800 data breachesoccurred in the first half of 2019? Not only did these breaches represent approximately 4.1 billion compromised records, they also resulted in a 54% year-over-year increase.

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Data breaches are a problem that can result in the loss of millions of dollars every time. AccordinglyVerizon 2019 Data Breach Investigation Report, 43% of victims were small businesses. One of the main reasons small businesses bear the brunt of data breaches is that they don't have the same level of protection as global corporations. They are easy targets and tend to be hit hardest when their data is compromised.

The consequences of a data breach can be:

  • Negative impact on brand reputation and loss of trust from partners, clients and customers
  • The loss of important intellectual property
  • fines and other penalties
  • Legal Actions

Additionally, you should include other cybersecurity-related expenses such as: B. Forensics and Incident Response.

In 2019, Capital One experienced one of thelargest data breaches in the United States, which cost the company more than $300 million to fix the problem.

Data breaches can be devastating for businesses of all sizes.

How do you protect yourself from data breaches?

There are several ways you can become a victim of a data breach. Someone in your organization could download malware, or an attacker could exploit various cloud vulnerabilities to remotely bypass your network security. Attackers can also physically access your computer to steal information.

There is no one-size-fits-all solution to preventing data breaches, but some best practices include:

  • Regular security checks so you always know who has access to your data
  • Secure and encrypted servers that allow you to access your data through your cloud center
  • A comprehensive incident response plan that includes:Cloud security

3. Insecure APIs

Application user interfaces (APIs) are a popular way to streamline cloud computing. Commonly used in offices, APIs facilitate the exchange of information between two or more applications. Known for their convenience and efficiency gains, APIs can also be a source of cloud vulnerabilities.

By exploiting insecure APIs, attackers can easily access corporate data and launch DDoS attacks. Additionally, sophisticated attackers can take several measures to evade detection when launching API attacks.

As organizations increase their reliance on APIs, there is a growing number of attacks targeting them.According to Gartner, it is believed that API-related abuse will be the most common attack vector by 2022.

How do you protect against API attacks?

There are a few steps you can take to protect your cloud system from API attacks:

  • Run penetration tests that emulate API attacks
  • Use SSL/TLS encryption for transmitted data
  • Strengthen your authentication controls with MFA
  • Be selective about who you share your API keys with and discard API keys when they are no longer needed

These are all precautions to ensure the security of your APIs, but developers are also responsible for building APIs with stronger authentication.

4. Malicious insiders

Even if you protect yourself from the other types of cloud security attacks, you could still be vulnerable to malicious insiders, including current and former:

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  • Employees
  • contractor
  • Business partner

Enemies with unauthorized access to your systems could steal information, destroy data and sabotage your IT systems. according to aPokemon report 2020:

  • Insider attacks have increased by 47% since 2018
  • The cost of insider attacks has increased by 31% since 2018
  • Only 23% of insider threats were malicious; Most insider attacks were due to negligence

How do you protect yourself from malicious insiders?

Unfortunately, organizations are more vulnerable to insider threats than outside attacks for one simple reason — the threat doesn't (usually) exploit cloud vulnerabilities to access sensitive data.

The good news is that insider threats can be prevented by being proactive. That means limiting access to critical data -- giving individuals access to the information they haveneed to knowand nothing more. You should also conduct regular security audits and revoke access if necessary.

You can decide how often audits are conducted, but best practice is at least twice a year. Some organizations conduct quarterly audits, while others conduct one every month.

For insider threats that arenotvicious,Consider conducting training on best practices for protecting data and systems. Teach your employees how to avoidphishing attempts, the importance of changing passwords regularly, and other important security protocols.

5. System Vulnerabilities

System vulnerabilities are another of the more common cloud security vulnerabilities and can occur for many reasons. The integration of an insecure third-party application can or will result in system riskspoorly configured security toolswithin your cloud systems.

Some of the more common system vulnerabilities that could negatively impact your cloud services include:

  • Missing input validation on user input
  • Inadequate logging and monitoring
  • Improper error handling
  • Don't close your database connections

How do you protect yourself against system vulnerabilities?

There are several steps you can take to address system vulnerabilities, including encrypting your data and implementing acomprehensive intrusion detection systemthat works in cloud, on-premise and hybrid environments.

You could also try providing oneWeb Application Firewall (WAF)to protect your web applications from various cloud computing threats and vulnerabilities such as DDoS attacks, SQL injections and man-in-the-middle attacks.

Protection of your cloud systems

Developing a strong cybersecurity strategy in 2022 will help you avoid the costs and headaches that come with data breaches. Alert Logic can help you protect your data and fix cloud security vulnerabilities before they become bigger problems.

Our Managed Detection and Response (MDR) solution offers best-in-class protection that can be customized to meet your business needs.Watch our video on MDRto see how Alert Logic can help you improve your cloud security.

Related reading: Top 5 Cyber ​​Security Threats in 2022


Which of the following are part of the top 5 cloud security threats? ›

Top 15 Cloud Security Issues, Threats and Concerns
  • Access.
  • Hijacking.
  • Insiders.
  • Attacks.
  • Data Loss.
  • Incident Response.
  • Compliance.
  • Protection.

What are the top 5 security in cloud computing? ›

Common Cloud Computing Security Risks

Security system misconfiguration. Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks. Data loss due to cyberattacks. Unsecure access control points.

What are the common vulnerabilities in cloud? ›

Cloud Security Best Practices
  • Cloud Misconfiguration.
  • Insecure APIs.
  • Lack of Visibility.
  • Lack of MFA.
  • Malicious Insiders.
  • DDoS Attacks.
Jun 28, 2022

What is the most alarming concern of cloud computing? ›

Cloud services are easy to set up and convenient to use, but they also increase security vulnerabilities. Cyberattacks are on the rise, making it more important than ever for business owners to understand where their business's data is stored and who can access it.

What are the top 5 major threats to cybersecurity? ›

The biggest cyber security threats that small businesses face, and how you can protect yourself against them.
  • Phishing Attacks.
  • Malware Attacks.
  • Ransomware.
  • Weak Passwords.
  • Insider Threats.
Jan 19, 2023

What are the 5 most common types of cyber security threats to your computer system you need to know about? ›

Types of cyber threats your institution should be aware of include:
  • Malware.
  • Ransomware.
  • Distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks.
  • Spam and Phishing.
  • Corporate Account Takeover (CATO)
  • Automated Teller Machine (ATM) Cash Out.

What is the third biggest threat in cloud computing? ›

The high volume of data flowing between organizations and cloud service providers generates opportunities for accidental and malicious leaks of sensitive data to untrusted 3rd parties. Human error, insider threats, malware, weak credentials and criminal activity contribute to most cloud service data breaches.

What are the 5 forms of security? ›

There are five forms of security operations-screen, guard, cover, area security, and local security. Screen is a form of security operations that primarily provides early warning to the protected force.

Which is the top most common vulnerability? ›

The 2021 list includes the following vulnerabilities:
  • Injection.
  • Insecure Design.
  • Security Misconfiguration.
  • Vulnerable and Outdated Components.
  • Identification and Authentication Failures.
  • Software and Data Integrity Failures.
  • Security Logging and Monitoring Failures.
  • Server-Side Request Forgery.

Which two vulnerabilities account for most cloud outages? ›

Some of the more common system vulnerabilities that could negatively impact your cloud services include: Lack of input validation on user input. Insufficient logging and monitoring. Improper error handling.

What should I look for in cloud security? ›

Below are six things to look for in a cloud solution and some questions to ask your CSP provider about security:
  • Controls designed to prevent data leakage. ...
  • Strong authentication. ...
  • Data encryption. ...
  • Visibility and threat detection. ...
  • Continuous compliance. ...
  • Integrated security.

What are the threats and vulnerabilities associated with operating in the cloud? ›

Misconfigured cloud storage

It is one of the most common cloud computing vulnerabilities. When organizations fail to set up cloud storage correctly, they risk having their data exposed to the public. Cloud misconfigurations can swiftly develop into a major cloud security breach for an organization and its customers.

What is a primary concern of security in the cloud? ›

Most cloud computing security risks are related to cloud data security. Whether a lack of visibility to data, inability to control data, or theft of data in the cloud, most issues come back to the data customers put in the cloud.

What are the threat trends for 2022? ›

Ultimately, Gartner nailed it when they predicted in 2022 that attack surface expansion (caused by the dispersal of enterprises), supply chain risk, and identity threat detection and response would be three of the biggest cybersecurity trends in 2022. In many ways, I think the same goes for 2023.

What were the biggest cyber threats in 2022? ›

According to the report, some of the leading cyber risks and cybersecurity trends in 2022 include:
  • Malware on the rise. ...
  • Rise of ransomware attacks. ...
  • Zero-day attacks. ...
  • Remote code execution. ...
  • Attack surface expansion. ...
  • Digital supply-chain risks. ...
  • Cybersecurity mesh. ...
  • Zero trust.
Dec 8, 2022

What cybersecurity trends to watch out for in 2022? ›

With the evolution of IT architectures and the cyber threat landscape, companies need to ensure that hybrid workforces and corporate assets are secure. This includes protection of mobile devices, networks, user access, Internet of Things (IoT) devices, and cloud devices.

What are 3 types of security risks that computer users may face? ›

Types of Computer Security Threats and How to Avoid Them
  • Computer Viruses. Perhaps the most well-known computer security threat, a computer virus is a program written to alter the way a computer operates, without the permission or knowledge of the user. ...
  • Spyware Threats. ...
  • Hackers and Predators. ...
  • Phishing.

What are the 6 common types of threats? ›

The six types of security threat
  • Cybercrime. Cybercriminals' principal goal is to monetise their attacks. ...
  • Hacktivism. Hacktivists crave publicity. ...
  • Insiders. ...
  • Physical threats. ...
  • Terrorists. ...
  • Espionage.
Mar 25, 2015

What are the six 6 types of attacks on network security? ›

The Six Types of Cyberattacks You're Most Likely to Face
  • Phishing Attacks. Phishing attacks are one of the most common types of cyberattacks. ...
  • Social Engineering Attacks. ...
  • Ransomware Attacks. ...
  • Malware and Virus Attacks. ...
  • Denial-of-Service (DoS) Attacks. ...
  • Spyware and Adware Attacks.

What are the 4 P's in security? ›

In general, Information Security professionals suggest that protecting sensitive data requires a combination of people, processes, polices, and technologies.

What are the 7 types of cyber security? ›

It can be divided into seven main pillars:
  • Network Security. Most attacks occur over the network, and network security solutions are designed to identify and block these attacks. ...
  • Cloud Security. ...
  • Endpoint Security. ...
  • Mobile Security. ...
  • IoT Security. ...
  • Application Security. ...
  • Zero Trust.

What are the 7 layers of security? ›

The Seven Layers Of Cybersecurity
  • Mission-Critical Assets. This is data that is absolutely critical to protect. ...
  • Data Security. ...
  • Endpoint Security. ...
  • Application Security. ...
  • Network Security. ...
  • Perimeter Security. ...
  • The Human Layer.

What are biggest AWS security vulnerabilities? ›

Some of the more well-known vulnerabilities and misconfigurations within IAM are:
  • Misconfigured trust policies.
  • Cross-account role enumeration.
  • Overly permissive policies.
  • Dangerous policy combination.
  • Pass role.
Jul 25, 2022

What are three major challenges issues with cloud computing today? ›

Problems with Cloud Computing
  • It is difficult to store such a large amount of information without overloading traditional computer systems.
  • It is difficult to protect great volumes of digital data when it is being stored.
  • The resources required to constantly manage and maintain digital data accurately can be expensive.

What are the three main challenges of the cloud choose three answers? ›

5 Major Cloud Computing Challenges And How To Overcome Them
  • Security Issues. Like any software, security is always a top challenge, even for cloud computing. ...
  • Password Security. The bigger your business, the more vulnerable your business' cloud accounts become. ...
  • Cost Management. ...
  • Lack of Expertise. ...
  • Internet Connection Problem.
Jul 2, 2021

What are the 4 main types of vulnerability? ›

The different types of vulnerability

According to the different types of losses, the vulnerability can be defined as physical vulnerability, economic vulnerability, social vulnerability and environmental vulnerability.

What are the 4 main types of security vulnerability? ›

The four main types of vulnerabilities in information security are network vulnerabilities, operating system vulnerabilities, process (or procedural) vulnerabilities, and human vulnerabilities.

What are the top 10 vulnerabilities that we should patch why? ›

Top 10 Vulnerabilities for 2022
  • Broken Access Control. ...
  • Cryptographic Failures. ...
  • Injection. ...
  • Insecure Design. ...
  • Security Misconfiguration. ...
  • Vulnerable and Outdated Components. ...
  • Identification and Authentication Failures. ...
  • Software and Data Integrity Failures.
Aug 31, 2022

Which is the highest risk vulnerability? ›

The 8 most prevalent types of high-risk vulnerabilities
  • Remote Code Execution. ...
  • Memory Corruption. ...
  • Distributed/Denial of Service. ...
  • Buffer Overflow. ...
  • Directory Traversal. ...
  • Privilege Escalation. ...
  • SQL Injection. ...
  • Backdoor/Hardcoded Password.
Feb 25, 2021

Which vulnerability is exploited the most? ›

Top 10 Most Exploited Security Vulnerabilities In 2022 (And How To Fix Them)
  • Log4Shell (CVE-2021-44228)
  • Follina (CVE-2022-30190)
  • Spring4Shell (CVE-2022-22965)
  • Google Chrome Zero-Day (CVE-2022-0609)
  • F5 BIG-IP (CVE-2022-1388)
  • Microsoft Office Bug (CVE-2017-11882)
  • ProxyNotShell (CVE-2022-41082, CVE-2022-41040)
Dec 16, 2022

What are the 10 factors of vulnerability? ›

  • Underlying causes. Poverty.
  • Dynamic pressures. Lack of.
  • Unsafe conditions. Fragile physical environment.
  • Trigger event. Earthquake.

What are two risks of cloud storage? ›

Loss of data or loss of access to data due to failure of the cloud service. Unintentional sharing of sensitive data through poor design decisions on the part of the cloud provider such as sharing items by file name or data deduplication practices (which also reveal that the vendor has access to the data)

How do you prevent cloud platform vulnerabilities? ›

7 Tips to Prevent Cloud Security Threats
  1. Educate your employees. ...
  2. Secure a data backup plan. ...
  3. Who has access to the data? ...
  4. Encryption is key. ...
  5. Take passwords seriously. ...
  6. Test, test, test. ...
  7. Establish thorough cloud governance policies.
Dec 1, 2022

What is the first priority cloud security concern? ›

1. Detection technology: The first consideration when moving to a cloud-based security platform is how good the detection technology is. Look for factors such as the ability to detect and defend against zero-day threats and real-time sandboxing.

What are the top 3 cloud security threats According to the cloud security Alliance CSA )? ›

Misconfiguration and inadequate change control (#2) Lack of cloud security architecture and strategy (#3) Insecure software development.

What is the most common security threat? ›

  • Viruses and worms. Viruses and worms are malicious software programs (malware) aimed at destroying an organization's systems, data and network. ...
  • Botnets. ...
  • Drive-by download attacks. ...
  • Phishing attacks. ...
  • Distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks. ...
  • Ransomware. ...
  • Exploit kits. ...
  • Advanced persistent threat attacks.

Which of the following is a most common type of security threats? ›

Social engineering attacks (or phishing)

Most security breaches are due to social engineering — where criminals trick people into giving out confidential information, clicking on malicious links, or providing entry to secure systems.

What are the 8 main cyber security threats? ›

8 Common Cybersecurity Threats and How to Prevent Them
  • 1) Ransomware. ...
  • 2) Social Engineering/Phishing. ...
  • 3) Unpatched Systems and Misconfigurations. ...
  • 4) Credential Stuffing. ...
  • 5) Password Cracking Attacks. ...
  • 6) Man-in-the-Middle Attacks. ...
  • 7) Denial-of-Service Attacks. ...
  • 8) Drive-by Download Attacks.
Nov 10, 2022

How can the top 11 threats be prevented in cloud computing? ›

7 Tips to Prevent Cloud Security Threats
  1. Educate your employees. ...
  2. Secure a data backup plan. ...
  3. Who has access to the data? ...
  4. Encryption is key. ...
  5. Take passwords seriously. ...
  6. Test, test, test. ...
  7. Establish thorough cloud governance policies.
Dec 1, 2022

What is the #1 cybersecurity threat today? ›

Phishing is a type of social engineering attack that has become one of today's most common and malevolent cybersecurity attacks. Phishing occurs when a hacker uses a false identity to trick someone into providing sensitive information, downloading malware, or visiting a site containing malware.

What is the biggest cyber security threat right now? ›


Ransomware is considered to be one of the biggest cyber security threats in 2022 and poses a serious cyber threat to businesses of all sizes.

What are biggest cyber threats 2022? ›

Malware on the rise

Malware attacks continue to plague businesses across industries. Malware, including spyware and ransomware, represent the highest cost of damage for organizations, followed by data breaches.

What are the 5 types of cyber attacks? ›

Types of Cyber Attacks
  • Malware Attack. This is one of the most common types of cyberattacks. ...
  • Phishing Attack. Phishing attacks are one of the most prominent widespread types of cyberattacks. ...
  • Password Attack. ...
  • Man-in-the-Middle Attack. ...
  • SQL Injection Attack. ...
  • Denial-of-Service Attack. ...
  • Insider Threat. ...
  • Cryptojacking.
Feb 7, 2023

What are the 3 most common cyber attacks? ›

Below are some of the most common types of cyber-attacks: Malware. Phishing. Man-in-the-middle attack (MITM)

What are the 2 types of eavesdropping? ›

There are two types of eavesdropping attacks; passive eavesdropping and active eavesdropping. With passive eavesdropping, the hacker simply “listens” to data that is passing through the network. With active eavesdropping, hackers disguise themselves.

What are the 10 common Web security threats? ›

What are the top web security threats?
  • Phishing.
  • Ransomware.
  • SQL injection.
  • Cross-site scripting.
  • Code injection.
  • CEO fraud and impersonation.
  • Viruses and worms.
  • Spyware.


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